বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে ভর্তিচ্ছু শিক্ষার্থীদের জন্য সাপ্তাহিক পরামর্শ; ইংরেজি পর্ব-১

আপডেট: জুন ১১,২০১৬ | 

বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে ভর্তিচ্ছু শিক্ষার্থী বন্ধুরা,

ঢাবি সহ যে কোন বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে তোমার চান্স নিশ্চিত করতে 'সাপ্তাহিক পরামর্শ' হলো আমাদের ধারাবাহিক প্রকাশনা। নিয়মিত মুখস্ত item বা vocabulary enrichment  এ সময় দেবার পাশাপাশি Grammatical Points চর্চা করা প্রয়োজন। আজ এর 'প্রথম পর্ব' প্রকাশিত হল:

Memorizing Item:

One World Substitution-এক কথায় প্রকাশ

Study-related words (বিদ্যা সংক্রান্ত শব্দ): Part-01

Study of religion - Theology (ধর্মতত্ত্ব)

Study of heredity - Genetics (বংশগতির বিজ্ঞান)

Study of coins - Numismatics (মুদ্রা ও পদকসংক্রান্ত বিদ্যা)

Study of birds - Ornithology (পরীক্ষা বিজ্ঞান)

Study of human development - Anthropology (নর বিজ্ঞান)

Study of science of insects - Entomology (কীটতত্ত্ব)

Study of problems of old age - Gerontology (বার্ধক্য প্রক্রিয়া বিষয়ক বিদ্যা)

Study of relation between organism and environment - Ecology (প্রাণী ও পরিবেশ বিদ্যা)

Study of flying aeroplanes - Aviation (বিমান চালনা বিদ্যা)

Study of earth & rocks - Geology (ভুতত্ত্ব বিদ্যা)

Study of living things - Biology (জীব বিদ্যা)

Study of celestial body - Astronomy (জ্যোতি বিজ্ঞান)

Study of the influence of planets stars - Astrology (জ্যোতিষ শাস্ত্র)

Scientific study of bodily diseases - Pathology (রোগ বিজ্ঞান)

Study of languages - Philology (ভাষা বিজ্ঞান)

Study of bees - Apiology

Study of heart/heart diseases - Cardiology (হৃদ বিজ্ঞান)

Study of dogs - Cynology

Study of trees - Dendrology

Study of skin/skin diseases - Dermatology

Study of wine/wine making - Enology/Oenology (সুরা বিজ্ঞান)

Study of cats - Felinology

Study of hand writing to analyze character of the writer - Graphology (লেখকের চরিত্র জানার জন্য হাতের লিখা অনুধাবন)

Study of medicine for women - Gynecology/Gynaecology (স্ত্রীরোগ/প্রসূতি বিজ্ঞান)

Study of liver - Hepatology

Study of horses - Hippology

 

Miscellaneous Important Grammatical Points:

Rule 1: Infinitive and-ing subjects:

Sentence/Clause এর Subject হিসেবে Infinitive/Gerund ব্যবহৃত হতে পারে।

a. To+verb (Subject)+verb+ext.

To read Newspaper is a good habit.

b. Verb+ing (Subject) + verb+ext.

Reading Newspaper is a good habit.

Exercises:

Incorrect: To working provides people with personal satisfaction as well as money.

Correct: To work provides people with personal satisfaction as well as money.

or

Working provides people with personal satisfaction as well as money.

Incorrect: The sneeze spreads germs.

Correct: To sneeze spreads germs. Or, Sneezing spreads germs.

Incorrect: Shoplift is considered a serious crime.

Correct: To shoplift is considered a serious crime. Or,

Shoplifting is considered a serious crime.

 

Rule 2: Qualifying Phrases with-ing Nouns:

Gerund এর পরে যদি of থাকে, তাহলে Gerund এর পূর্বে the ব্যবহৃত হয়। উল্লেখ্য, Gerund এর পূর্বে The এবং পরে  of যুক্ত হলে, তাকে  Verbal Noun বলে।

The + gerund +of (noun)+ verb +Ext.)

The +reading+of+book+is+ a good habit.

Exercises:

Incorrect: Correcting of errors in a language class can be embarrassing.

Correct: The correcting of errors in a language class can be embarrassing.

Incorrect: Writing of letters is an art.

Correct: The writing of letters is an art.

Incorrect: Winning of prizes is not as important as playing well.

Correct: The winning of prizes is not as important as playing well.

 

Rule 3: Non-count Nouns with Qualifying phrases -----the:

Non-count noun এর পরে যদি of থাকে, তাহলে Non-count Noun টির পুর্বে  The ব্যবহৃত হয়। The + non-count noun + of + noun +verb + ext.

The +art +of the Middle Ages is on display

Exercises:

Incorrect: Poetry of Carl Sandburg is being read at the student union on Friday.

Correct: The poetry of Carl Sandburg is being read at the student union on Friday.

Incorrect: poverty of people in the rural areas is not as visible as that of people in the city.

Correct: The poverty of people in the rural areas is not as visible as that of people in the city.

Incorrect: Science of genetic engineering is not very old.

Correct: The science of genetic engineering is not very old.

 

Rule 4: Despite/ In spite of:

“সত্ত্বেও” অর্থ বুঝাতে Despite / in spite of ব্যবহৃত হয় এবং এদের পর subject + verb ব্যবহৃত হয় না।

Despite / in spite of + noun phrase

Example:

* Despite his physical handicap, he has become a successful businessman.

* In spite of his physical handicap, he has become a successful businessman.

* Jane will be admitted to the university despite her bad grades.

* Jane will be admitted to the university in spite of her bad grades.

Exercises:

Incorrect: Despite of the light rain, the baseball game was not canceled.

Correct: Despite the light rain, the baseball game was not canceled.

Or,

In spite of the light rain, the baseball game was not canceled.

Incorrect: Dick and Sarah are still planning to get married despite of their disagreement.

Correct: Dick and Sarah are still planning to get married despite their disagreement.

Or,

Dick and Sarah are still planning to get married in spite of their disagreement.

 

Rule 5 : Although/Even though/though:

“যদিও” অর্থ বুঝাতে Although/ Even though / though ব্যবহৃত হয় এবং এদের পর  Subject + verb থাকতে হয়। এরা  Sentence এর প্রথমে বা মাঝে উভয় স্থানেই ব্যবহৃত হতে পারে।

{although / even though / though+ subject+ verb+ (complement……………………

Example: 

a. Although he has physical handicap, he has become a successful businessman.

b. Jane will be admitted to the university even though she has bad grades.

c. Although the weather was very bad, we had a picnic.

d. Though he had not finished the paper, he went to sleep.

e. She attended the class although she did not feel alert.

 

মু. সাইফুদ্দীন সিদ্দিকী,

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