বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে ভর্তিচ্ছু শিক্ষার্থীদের জন্য সাপ্তাহিক পরামর্শ; ইংরেজি পর্ব-৩

আপডেট: জুন ২৯,২০১৬ | 

সাপ্তাহিক পরামর্শ-ইংরেজি                         

মু. সাইফুদ্দীন সিদ্দিকী, মোবাইলঃ 01712-849144(যোগাযোগের সময়ঃ রাত ৮-০০ থেকে ১০-০০)

বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে ভর্তিচ্ছু শিক্ষার্থী বন্ধুরা,

ঢাবি সহ যে কোন বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে তোমার চান্স নিশ্চিত করতে 'সাপ্তাহিক পরামর্শ' হলো আমাদের ধারাবাহিক প্রকাশনা। নিয়মিত মুখস্ত item বা vocabulary enrichment  এ সময় দেবার পাশাপাশি Grammatical Points চর্চা করা প্রয়োজন। আজ এর 'তৃতীয় পর্ব' প্রকাশিত হল:

Memorizing Item:

                        One World Substitution-এক কথায় প্রকাশ

Graph & Auto -related words (লেখা এবং নিজ / স্বয়ং সংক্রান্ত শব্দ):

 

B.  Graph = to write (লেখা)

Study of hand writing — Graphology

Art of good handwriting — Calligraphy

Illegible (দুষ্পাঠ্য) or bad handwriting — Cacography

A written message from far off place — Telegraph

An expert in writing by hand — Chirographer

A person who writes dictionaries — Lexicographer

Written by light — Photograph

An expert in writing (drawing) maps — Cartographer

Writing of one's life story — Biography (জীবনী)

Writing of one's own life story — Autobiography (আত্মজীবনী)

A process of printing from a plate — Lithography

 

C.  Auto — Self (নিজ / স্বয়ং)

 

Self-rule or control — Autonomy (স্বায়ত্তশাসন)

A self moving vehicle — Automobile

A machine that functions by itself — Automatic (স্বয়ংক্রিয়)

A signature of oneself — Autograph

One with unlimited power — Autocrat

 

Miscellaneous Important Grammatical Points:

 

Rule 11: As/When:

একই সমযে ২টি কাজ হলে, সেক্ষেত্রে As ব্যবহৃত হয়। কিন্তু দুটি কজের মধ্যে একটির পর অন্য কাজ হওয়া বুঝাতে  When ব্যবহৃত হয়।

Example:

1. As we walked home; we talked about what we would have for dinner.

2. When we got home, we started cooking the dinner.

3. As I walked along the street, I looked in the shop windows.

4. Can you turn off the light as you go out, please?

5. David’s passport was stolen when he was away on holidays.

6. When they lived near us, we used to see them quite often.

Note: As অনেক সময় because বা কারণ অর্থে ব্যবহৃত হয়।

Example:

a) As it was a public holiday last Thursday, most of the shops were shut.

b) Yesterday we watched television all evening as we didn’t have anything better to do.

 

Rule 12: Future Result-When:

কোন Sentence-এ যদি একটি Clause, Future result প্রকাশ করে এবং অন্য Clause, Condition নির্দেশ করে, তাহলে condition নির্দেশকারী  Clause-এর শুরুতে  when ব্যবহৃত হয়।

Result + Condition / Condition + Result.

Example:

The temperature drops when the sun sets.

The temperature will drop when the sun sets. Or,

When the sun sets, the temperature drops.

When the sun sets, the temperature will drop.

Exercises:

Incorrect: I will call you when I will return from my country.

Correct: I will call you when I return from my country.

Incorrect: Marilyn plans to work in her family’s store when she will get her M.B.A

Correct: Marilyn plans to work in her family’s store when she gets her M.B. A

Incorrect: He will probably buy some more computer software when he will get paid.

Correct : He will probably buy some more computer software when he gets paid.

 

Rule 13: Introductory Adverbial Modifiers-While:

অনেক সময় Adverbial Modifier-এর শুরুতে  while/ when ব্যবহৃত হয়। কিন্তু যদি adverbial modifier-অংশে  subject + verb না থাকে, তাহলে শুধু while ব্যবহৃত হবে।

While + noun………….. (+ subject + verb + ext.)

{while / when} + subject + verb--------+ subject +verb + ext.

Example:

a) While a salesman, Imran, traveled a lot.

b) While he was a salesman, Imran traveled a lot.

c) When he was a salesman, Imran traveled a lot.

Exercise:

Incorrect: I was very homesick when a student abroad.

Correct: I was very homesick while a student aboard. Or,

I was very homesick while I was a student abroad. Or,

I was very homesick when I was a student abroad.

 

Rule 14: As high as :

কোন কিছুর উচ্চতা বা দামের মাত্রা নির্দেশ করতে As high as ব্যবহৃত হয়।

Subject + verb + as high as +number (limit lf height/cost.)

Example: The price of a haircut runs as high as fifty dollars.

Exercise:

Incorrect: The cost of one day in an average hospital can run as high to $2000.

Correct: The cost of one day in an average hospital can run as high as $2000.

Incorrect: since taxi fare from the airport may run as high to twenty dollars, I suggest that you take a limousine.

Correct: since taxi fare from the airport may run as high as twenty dollars, I suggest that you take a limousine.

 

Rule 15: As soon as:

Limit of time নির্দেশ করতে as soon as ব্যবহৃত হয় এবং এর পর verb-এর present form হয়।

Subject + verb + as soon as + subject + verb (present).

Example: He will go home as soon as he graduates.

Exercise:

Incorrect: I plan to move as soon as I will find another apartment.

Correct: I plan to move as soon as I find another apartment.

Incorrect: She will call you back as soon as she will finish dinner.

Correct: She will call you back as soon as she finishes dinner.

Incorrect: Your application will be considered as soon as your file will be complete.

Correct: Your application will be considered as soon as your file is complete.

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